On delicando you will find brands such as Bottega, Canella, Don Giovanni, Paladin and the famous Villa Sandi.
Prosecco - the pearl from northern Italy
The sparkling bubbly drink is always a sign of an occasion, and fortunately usually that of a positive one: Prosecco is not infrequently poured out at big weddings, all kinds of birthdays, anniversaries of all kinds, romantic anniversaries, the annual family Christmas, of course New Year's Eve and many other celebratory events. For some, prosecco virtually screams "vacation." For others, it embodies joie de vivre and a sparkling summer treat. Whatever one may celebrate, the noble drop makes a beautiful occasion even more beautiful, so it will be present-and drunk. In this text follows some information that is important for you if you are looking for a Prosecco from our Prosecco Shop and it all revolves around the noble sparkling wine, which has made its name in northern Italy.
Prosecco, sparkling wine, champagne - which is which?
What is the difference between the sparkling wines? They all sparkle and foam, but how can they be distinguished? Where exactly are the differences?
By way of comparison, sparkling wine is made from base wines to which yeast cells and sugar are added. After at least six months of fermentation, carbonic acid is then produced. Further requirements to be allowed to use the designation sparkling wine: Carbonic acid is produced, so it must not be added, and the alcohol content must be at least 10 percent. In addition, the base wine and dosage (mixture of wine and sugar or must that is added) must come from the same growing region. The grape variety most commonly used for sparkling wine is Riesling, with us Welschriesling, but we also have other excellent grape varieties such as Chardonnay, Macabeo and many others.
Champagne from France can only be called so if it comes from the Champagne region, which is about 100 kilometers northeast of Paris. The primary grape varieties for champagne include the famous Chardonnay (white grapes) or Pinot Noir (red grapes), which are also available in our store. There are two special fermentations for champagne, after which it is bottled and mixed with the manufacturer's own liqueur. This differs slightly depending on the individual recipe. The total aging period is at least 15 months.
What is Prosecco and where does it come from?
But now to our Prosecco. It describes an exquisite sparkling wine from the northeast of Italy, which has a long tradition and was already appreciated and enjoyed in ancient times. The fine sparkling Prosecco is a protected designation. It can be offered as sparkling, semi-sparkling or still wine. The white wine grape ripens late. Winters in the growing region are cold enough to temporarily interrupt the fermentation process. As a result, Prosecco contains less carbon dioxide than other sparkling wines, and therefore does not sparkle as intensely, but in a completely natural way. Originally it comes from the Veneto region, northeast of the country. For a simple Prosecco from the supermarket, only white wine is carbonated. Higher quality products like ours ferment in tanks or even bottles.
Different varieties of Prosecco
The differences between the various types of Prosecco are mainly in the name first briefly explained: "Spumante" is also called sparkling wine, this tingles a little more due to its higher carbon dioxide content. "Frizzante" refers to sparkling wine, which has a lower carbon dioxide content and therefore is also often closed only with a string and simple cork.
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In our Prosecco Shop on delicando you will find brands such as Bottega, Canella, Don Giovanni, Paladin and the famous Villa Sandi. These and our other brands come directly from Italy and a few from Spain. The primary grape variety used is Glera and the sparkling wine is available either as a varietal cuvée (blended) or single varietal. Cuvée means combining the Glera grape with other grape varieties, with the cuvée varying according to the gusto of the cellar master.
A bit of history
Connoisseurs love the fruity and tangy taste of this good wine, which has made it one of the most popular sparkling wines in the world. It is very popular among Italians. Also Germany and Austria came more and more on the taste. Austria has become the fifth most important buyer. Meanwhile, there are also Prosecco trends and developments, such as Prosecco Rosé or similar, which can also be purchased in our country. Accordingly, exports are increasing massively.
However, the story is partly changeable. Because in 2009, the market was really booming with Prosecco offers, but they did not come only from the original growing area and they were partly cheaply produced, not particularly high quality Prosecchi. On January 1, 2010, it was then decided to turn the grape variety designation into a designation of origin. Since then, the name "Prosecco" has been reserved for the wine-growing areas located around the Veneto and Julian-Friuli regions in the protected production area along the Soligo River. That is, exclusively in the regions of Friuli Venezia Giulia (in the provinces of Gorizia, Pordenone, Trieste and Udine) and Veneto (in Treviso, Venezia, Vicenza, Padova and Belluno). Only Prosecchi grown there may bear the DOC or DOCG seal. Prosecco wines must also contain at least 85 percent Glera grapes. These are grown on approximately 6,100 hectares of vineyards in the Italian wine regions. Thus, the sale of low-quality cheap Prosecco, which was not grown in Italy, was put an end to at that time and the quality was restored and secured. Thus, it is given that a Prosecco DOC or DOCG as from our Prosecco Shop, clearly stands out from products with names such as Secco, Glera or similar. Differences from producer to producer, as far as quality is concerned, there are of course always. This depends on factors such as the vine, soils, weather, vinification and more. The so-called consortium is responsible for monitoring compliance with production rules and ensures that no more inferior quality is sold under the name Prosecco.
As an interesting fact, Italy has set up a promotion committee in support of the candidacy of the hills of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene to the Unesco World Heritage Site. The area counts a total of 15 municipalities.
Quality levels of Prosecco
Prosecco wines have also carried the DOC and DOCG designations, which stand for "Denominazione di origine controllata," since the 2010 reform. DOC identifies Proseccos that have been grown in one of the official areas of origin. DOCG denotes the highest quality level. It describes products from regions such as Asolo, Valdobbiadene and Conegliano. In our store Prosecchi are of course marked with the seal.
The sparkling wine thus consists of at least 85 percent of the noble Glera grapes, at least 10 percent alcohol for Frizzante and 11 percent for Spumante. In addition, there is a residual sugar content, which is broken down below.
The residual sugar content
The Glera grape variety produces a wine with an acidic taste. It is very suitable for further processing into sparkling or semi-sparkling wine. For sparkling wines, other residual sugar concentrations apply than for normal wines, since the addition of carbonic acid influences the taste again. There are 'dry, extra dry and brut' flavors, with brut (tart) being the driest representative. There are also prosecchi with higher sugar content available on the market, however, the previously mentioned three are those varieties that are most commonly produced. We offer sparkling wine in our Prosecco store in extra dry, extra dry, semi-dry, dry and dry. In addition, you will find descriptions of the common as well as descriptive flavors such as floral/floral, fruity, mild/soft, salty, sour, sweet/sweet or spicy on our delicando website. This allows you to filter more precisely which type of Prosecco you would like to buy. Also, you can click through the reviews of our customers.
Prosecco brut is the most modern type of Prosecco and has achieved great international success. It is characterized by a scent of citrus and vegetal notes, together with a hint of bread crust, which leaves a tangy taste sensation on the tongue. It is perfect as an aperitif. The fine sparkle makes the taste linger long and leaves a clean palate, which also makes it an ideal accompaniment to food. This can be all fish and vegetable based appetizers, seafood and also fish. Or you can do as it is customary in the production area: enjoy it with the entire menu.
It is the "classic Prosecco". It combines the aroma of the grape variety with the intensity of the taste, enhanced by the carbonic acid. The "perlage" makes the yellow color even more vivid. It tastes richly of fruit, apple notes and pear with nuances of citrus. On the palate it appears soft and dry due to a slightly acidic presence. It is fresh and invigorating, as well as an optimal aperitif. It can be super served with vegetable soups, seafood, pasta dishes with fine meat sauces, fresh cheese and white meat, especially poultry.
Still wine undergoes fermentation in stainless steel tanks, reaching the desired carbon dioxide content within half a year. Bottle fermentation is more time-consuming and costly, and is therefore carried out less frequently. For the sparkling wine Frizzante there is also the carbonation process, i.e. wine is carbonated in a tank and then bottled under pressure to preserve the carbon dioxide.
Now to the exact production process
After measuring the degree of ripeness of the grapes, which accompanies the protection consortium from the beginning, the grapes are harvested. The growers go to a meeting with the wine producers, where final advice can be given to the growers and together they decide on the further or general start of the harvest in the different areas.
The next step is the pressing. The hand-picked grapes from the vineyards are brought to the cellar and processing begins with the pressing of the grapes. Machines are used that are highly technical and specially designed to act gently and with low pressure on the grape material, so that only the so-called pre-must is extracted from the pulp of the grapes. The regulations of the Protection Consortium state that no more than 70 liters of wine may be obtained from 100 kilos of grapes.
After pressing, degumming takes place. Now the cloudy must rests for a few hours in steel tanks cooled to five to 10 degrees Celsius. After about 10 to 12 hours, the lees settle to the bottom of the tank, allowing the clean must to be skimmed off. Now the fermentation can begin.
So now to the vinification. The must is fermented by yeasts in the next step. This gives rise to the wine after a fermentation process that usually lasts about 15 to 20 days. The fermentation process takes place in steel tanks, which are always kept at 18 to 20 degrees Celsius. Normally, the grapes are vinified separately by vineyard. When the process of fermentation is completed, it is followed by sparkling. The prerequisite to start sparkling is the complete clarification of the base wine. It is also said when the base wine is bright. Then the second fermentation can start.
Prosecco Spumante (sparkling wine)
For the Spumante, the Prosecco, which is very popular among Italians, the wine then rests on the yeast in the special fermentation tanks, whereupon carbonic acid is formed.
The oenologist (cellar master) now carefully examines and tastes the base wines and then blends the different sites until he has combined them into an "assemblage". This means that the basic wines are blended in a certain proportion, having been previously kept separate according to their origin, the time of harvesting and their own hay. The oenologist wants to achieve an ideal harmony between the components. This requires skill, style and experience. Extremely rarely Prosecco is sold as a site wine, whose grapes are already distinctive in style in the vineyard or present themselves as particularly balanced.
Prosecco Frizzante (sparkling wine)
Frizzante translates to "sparkling" in German, so it is the Italian term for sparkling wine. It is the simple version of Prosecco. Of course, you can buy this Prosecco from us, it is available in different versions in our Prosecco Shop. As a sparkling wine, it may have a maximum pressure of 2.5 bar on the bottle. Accordingly, it is only slightly foaming, unlike its significantly stronger foaming colleague Spumante. Less sugar solution and less sparkling yeast are added to the Frizzante during the second fermentation, which turns the base wine into sparkling wine, resulting in less sparkling.
Frizzante can be recognized, in addition to the label, by the fact that it has a short cork, usually attached to the neck of the bottle with a string/cord or, increasingly, sold with a screw cap. This is enough, since the bottle pressure is quite low.
Frizzante is by no means the cheap version of spumante. The fact that it is often cheaper than the Spumante is due to legislation. This is because no sparkling wine tax has to be paid for sparkling wine in Germany.
The reintroduced sparkling wine tax applies to champagne, sparkling wine and Prosecco Spumante. One euro per liter (i.e., 75 cents per bottle) in taxes is paid here. Distilled beverages have a tax burden of 20 percent.
How it tastes
It's not just the bright straw-yellow color that gives the Gerla grapes, and thus the resulting Prosecco, a fruity, fresh aroma. The distinct acidity that the grape brings gives the wine its light structure. Citrus and tropical fruit flavors, but also notes of quince, apple, peach or melon can be found in the Prosecco.
Connoisseurs prefer to enjoy it as an aperitif. In slender, tall glasses, the fine bubbles rise beautifully. It can be served with food, especially with salty and fruity dishes. Ham with melon, seafood, fish, white meats, cured meats, strongly spiced dishes à la Pad Thai and vegetable dishes of all kinds go excellently with it. Between eight and 10 degrees Celsius is the ideal serving temperature for some of our Prosecco wines. For the Prosecco brut it may also be cooler. At higher temperatures, however, the carbonic acid escapes and the characteristic "perlage" is lost.
In addition to the classic recipes, there are also several modern, new variations that can be conjured up with Prosecco. There is, for example, the Prosecco ice cream or also the mixed drink with Limoncello, called Limoncello Spritz. The combination of Prosecco with fruit goes together in different ways.
Storing Prosecco correctly
Now you have found a Prosecco, but wonder how best to store it? No problem, here's the answer: Prosecco is sold ready to drink and can of course be enjoyed directly. Exposing it to long periods of storage damages its quality after a while. Until consumption, however, it is best to store it in a cool, dark and upright place.
Buy Prosecco with us
You are on the safe side if you buy Prosecco from us. You can enter your exact wishes and requirements in the filter system on the left to find your perfect Prosecco. Among other things, you can also set the quantity of Prosecco. This goes from 0.200 liters to three liters per bottle. Gift sets or generally a mini set are also available from us. Under the category "newly arrived" you will always stay up to date with new arrivals. Likewise, there is a category "in action", where they can secure exciting offers and discounts.
As an exclusive tip, we can give the Villa Sandi Millesimato Valdobbiadene Prosecco Superiore DOCG of 2020 in 0.75 liters. It has an alcohol content of 11 percent. For more information on the description, product rating and information according to the Food Information Regulation, click on the Prosecco. For example, it is grown by a family farm in the province of Treviso. The villa with two kilometers of wine cellar was built in 1622 and can be visited. The tasting note gives information about the taste, which is intense and fruity in this Prosecco. We give the tip of a serving temperature and a way of serving. Additional information can be found on delicando.
Finally, all that remains for us from the delicando team to say is: good luck in the search and selection of your perfect Prosecco. And as the wine lover likes to say: Well then, cheers!