The tannins contained in the skins, such as phenols and tannins, are released from the grape skins with constant mixing of the skins and the must. For simple red wines, the mash requires a standing time of up to 3 days. To achieve a better quality, this can also take up to 4 weeks. As a rule, the duration of fermentation determines the standing time.
By varying the temperature, either fruity and delicate (cool fermentation) or wines rich in color and flavor (warm fermentation) can be obtained. If the saignée method is used, the red wine must becomes more and more concentrated. Then the must is filtered, sulfur is added and further aged in stainless steel tanks, wooden barrels or barriques.
For the production of red wine in Austria are used grape varieties Blauer Zweigelt, Blaufränkisch, Blauer Portugieser, Blauburger St. Laurent, Cabernet Sauvignon, Blauer Wildbacher, Roesler, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir and Syrah (sorted by their share of the grape variety distribution in Austria).
The world's most famous red wine varieties
Red wine has been shown to contribute to health when consumed in moderation. The beneficial effects of red wine have been demonstrated in studies showing that its moderate consumption, corresponding to a daily intake of 150 ml for women and up to 200 ml for men, is associated with an approximately 30% lower risk of cardiovascular disease.
In terms of taste, the variety ranges from light, fruity to very rich, multi-layered and complex red wines. Therefore, we bring you a brief overview of the most popular red wine varieties in our red wine store.
Merlot is the most famous French variety, from which the most expensive red wine in the world is pressed - Château Pétrus. It is most often found in traditional Bordeaux blends with Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc. The cluster consists of medium-sized or small, round berries with a medium-thick or thick skin of dark blue color.
It is grown all over the world and gives a structured and full-bodied wine with rounded and fruity aromas (cherry, raspberry and plum). It enjoys great popularity because it is an elegant and light wine that does not contain as much tannin as other wines.
Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the most famous French varieties, created by crossing Sauvignon Blanc and Cabernet Franc. Along with Merlot, it is one of the most popular red wines and comes from the most famous French wine region Bordeaux. It is characterized as a ripe,strong as well as rich in tannins wine and is often aged in oak barrels in case it also gets additional vanilla notes. The grape is medium or small in size, but firm and round, with a blue-purple skin color.
The wine has an intense ruby red color with transition to purple, extractive with an intense characteristic varietal aroma. The variety improves with the years: with the passage of time the wine becomes more complex, softer and more elegant.
Cabernet Franc is another Bordeaux variety, a distant cousin of Cabernet Sauvignon. It is a very common wine variety, often a companion variety to Merlot and C. Sauvignon, with which it gives the best results. The grape berry is medium sized and round with dark blue skin.
The wine gives delicate aromas with pronounced fruit character and intense ruby color.
Syrah originated in France, but is well known and popular in New World wineries, especially Australia and California. The wine has a deep, dark color and an attractive complex aroma. The cluster is medium sized, the berries round to oval, distinctly dark blue in color.
This variety produces very aromatic wines with pronounced fullness of flavor. Aromas of crimson fruit, exotic flavors may include ginger, dark chocolate and often floral nuances.
Pinot Noir is another original French grape variety. It requires nutrient-poor soil where water is not retained, making it difficult to grow this variety.
This wine is a step away from Merlot; It is slightly lighter in color with more alcohol, pronounced fruit flavors and high potential for tannin enhancement during aging in barrique barrels. Flavors: Raspberry, mild taste towards cherry, plum and blueberry.
Sangiovese is an Italian wine. It is grown throughout Italy, Argentina and California. Sangiovese is a grape variety from Chianti - a famous Italian wine with light and fruity cherry notes. Depending on where it is grown, how it is vinified and how long it is aged in barrels, the variety usually yields fruit wines that can also take on strong peel aromas.
Zinfandel / Primitivo
Zinfandel - California, Primitivo - Italy, synonyms since 2002, genetic twins, known as American folk wine originating from Croatia. A commonly recognized variety of California vineyards, it is often used as an ingredient in many wine blends.
Zinfandel / Primitivo is a slightly sweet wine with fruity notes of raspberry and blackberry.
More reason to buy red wine - what are the benefits?
Red wine enjoys great popularity and in conversations we often hear phrases like, "Red wine is good for your health." "A glass of red wine after lunch is a cure..." and the like. We made an effort to investigate if this is really the case and what the consumption brings from our health.
Grapes as the main ingredient
What makes wine a powerful and healthy drink is grapes. All the healing properties of wine are based on the properties of the fruit from which it is made. Red grapes are a source of flavonoids, polyphenolic compounds that have antioxidant, antitumoral and antiviral effects in the human body.
We all know that grape juice has a transparent color and that the skin of the grape, rich in red violet, colors the wine red. During the fermentation of grapes, in addition to the conversion of sugar into alcohol, resveratrol - the most powerful antioxidant in red wine - is also produced. Besides the listed properties, it also contains flavonoids: quercetin, catechin and epicatechin, as well as many other nutrients, minerals, vitamins and acids.
Before proceeding, we would like to emphasize, of course, that all the tips on the benefits of drinking red wine primarily involve moderate consumption. The general recommendation is a maximum daily dose of up to 150 ml for women and up to 200 ml for men on no more than 5 days per week. Due to a lower water content in the body and different enzymes in the stomach, women absorb alcohol faster than men. Therefore, a lower daily intake recommendation for ladies.
Buy Austrian red wines - they are ready for you!
Grape varieties like Blaufränkisch, Zweigelt and St. (or Sankt) Laurent, as well as all the more subtle versions of Pinot Noir deserve your attention. The strength of Austrian red wines is expressed aromatically rather than through assertive tannins or overly strong structures, while the powerful acidity accentuates every nuance of fruit and spice.
These red wines offer unique expressions of quality: it's time to explore the Austrian originals in our red wine store and discover the bottles you can try right away.
Zweigelt is the most widely grown red wine variety in Austria. It is a light red wine, similar to Grenache or Gamay. The wine initially has a bitter or astringent finish, immediately after which it becomes deeper and fruitier, showing notes of black cherry and raspberry.
Blaufränkisch is a typical Austrian red: juicy and spicy, in a bold but clearly defined package. Its fruity spectrum ranges from big plums and cherries to rich blueberries, with a seductive note of white pepper. The best wines also have floral undertones and the ability to age effortlessly.
Michael Reinisch of Johanneshof Reinisch in the Termen region is a master at achieving balanced and nuanced grape expressions. He describes, St. Laurent seems to have "darker fruit aromas reminiscent of cherries and blackberries, with a distinct flavor, fresh acidity and firm tannins."
It is worth mentioning St. Laurent, although it represents only 2% of Austrian vineyards. This grape has a surprising taste similarity with Pinot Noir, due to its relationship.
Exclusive red wines from France for connoisseurs
French wines are a unique blend of different soil types, microclimate zone and grape varieties. Thanks to centuries of winemaking experience, no country in the world can match the French. Whether you are a fan of Spanish or Italian wines, French wines will be hard to resist.
Well-known varieties, such as Chardonnay, Grenache, Merlot and Syrah, as well as the traditional process of aging wine in oak barrels, are the basis of winemaking in the so-called "new world."
The French Paradox is a term for the observed low mortality from vascular and cardiovascular disease in France despite rich national cuisine, saturated fat intake, and tobacco consumption.
Since we all know that France is a leader in wine culture, the paradox is self-imposed. It can be concluded that French wine protects and melts fat deposits and harmful toxins.
Buying red wine - good for body and mind
Dry red wines, compared to other types of wine, are the richest in antioxidants and are therefore considered the healthiest. Since the skin is not removed during fermentation in the production of dry red wines, the composition of the skin passes into the wine.
With moderate consumption of red wine, the immune system is strengthened at all levels: it reduces the effects of breast tumors, increases the level of good HDL cholesterol, improves sleep, reduces the risk of tooth decay, helps lose weight, reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke, cleanses the skin and regulates digestion.
With a moderate intake dose, you will experience pleasure, health benefits and a more beautiful appearance with the consumption of red wine. Wine lovers also know that a glass of red wine is a great way to relax after a hard day at work.
Red wine store - get excited about wines from Italy!
With more than 500 different grape varieties, Italy offers a diverse range of wines from topographically very different regions. Hidden within this wealth are some of the most famous and popular wines in the world - for this occasion, we've selected two varietals from our Red Wine Shop that serve as a great starting point to get to know Italy's red wines.
Montepulciano is the second most widely grown wine variety in Italy, right after Sangiovese, with which it is sometimes mistakenly equated. In addition to certain similarities, this happens because the wine Nobile di Montepulciano is produced near the Tuscan village of Montepulciano, where the basic raw material is Sangiovese.
Montepulciano is a silky-textured wine that glides easily across the palate and has very pronounced black fruit aromas that slowly decompose.
Barbera is considered the everyday wine of the Piedmont region, striking in its abundance of red fruit aromas. Due to its dark red pigmentation, one might infer a powerful wine with full body, but Barbera is a very light wine on the palate, refreshing in character, with sparkling acids that emerge with each sip.
When young, the wine is characterized by intense aromas of cherry and blackberry, while Barber that rests longer in toasted oak barrels has a mild vanilla note.
Buy Spanish red wines and get to know inspiring regions
Spicy red wines in Spain are typically slightly lighter in color than California Cabernet, but richer and fuller than Pinot Noir. The most common red grapes are the beautiful Tempranilo grapes and the rich Garnasha.
The most important Spanish grape variety is Tempranilo, with Garnasha right behind. In the past, Spanish red wines were considered to age for decades and are therefore very expensive. Now that technology is more available, more affordable, fruitier wines are being produced.
The most famous red wine in Spain is Rioja and is made from Tempranilo grapes. Rioja is usually very complex and delicious. Another famous wine is Priorat, which is made mainly from Garnsha grapes and is rich in dark fruits, spices and vanilla.
Rioja is the most famous wine region of this country, from where the highest quality and most famous Spanish wines come to us. Both white and rosé wines are produced in the Rioja region, but this region has made a name for itself with red wines. Red wines are a reflection of the Spanish style, a reflection of the culture and nation.
The other two most famous Spanish regions for growing and origin of Spanish wines are: Priorat and Ribera del Duero.
Crianza, Reserva and Gran Reserva
Crianza, Reserva and Gran Reserva are terms used to classify Spanish wines, by which we can identify the level of quality and aging of the wine.
Crianza is made from high quality grapes. They age for one year in barrel and then one year in bottle. This includes the youngest, lightest and freshest wines.
Reserva is made from grapes of higher quality, high aromatic concentration and refinement. Wines are produced only in good years and must age for at least three years, including one year in oak barrels.
Gran Reserva is also produced exclusively in the best vintages, from the best vineyards in Rioja. Complex wines with distinct earthy aromas and incredible aging potential make up less than 10% of this region's total wine production.
How to choose your favorite red wine
The grape variety counts as the most important factor in the taste of the wine. However, taste is also influenced by other factors, such as soil, sun exposure, climate, type of processing and fermentation of grapes, type of yeast, location and duration of ripening, etc.
Tannin content in wine
Tannins are an important component of wine, especially red wines, and form the basis of any wine criticism. They come from grape stems, skins and seeds. In young wines, tannins contribute to the bitter taste, while they give subtlety to mature wines.
Various acids are present in wine, which are crucial for its longevity, but also for its taste. More acidity makes the wine astringent - lower acidity, on the other hand, characterizes wines that are very likely to spoil in a short time. Acidity, when present in the right proportions, helps to bring out all the other flavors in the wine. The taste of the wine, which would be described as tart, refreshing, invigorating, fresh, lively, etc., is present thanks to its acidity.
Alcohol content in wine
You've probably heard of full-bodied wines being a direct measure of their alcohol content. Variations on the theme of "fullness" in wine are as common as variations on the theme of fat content in milk. The alcohol percentage in the unit of measure that determines the fullness of the body as looks like this:
7.5% - 10.5% light body
10,5 % - 12,5% medium full body
12.5% and more - full body (very high alcohol content).
Buy high quality red wines in Red Wine Shop
We at delicando firmly believe that everyone has reason enough to enjoy their favorite red wine. Our red wine store provides you with many different types of wine - your bottle is waiting for you!