Sparkling wine - the irresistible, tingly pleasure
Our sparkling wine store presents German sparkling wine, champagne, prosecco from off-dry to sweet/mild to extra dry in different price ranges.
What makes this drink so popular? First of all, it is the delicate tingling on the tongue, which suggests a touch of lightness. All good sparkling wines have this effect. But how is such a delicious wine drink created? What are the differences between a sparkling wine and the so popular Prosecco? Can any wine simply be made into a fine sparkling wine? Since when has sparkling wine existed at all?
A little history of sparkling wine
Compared to wine and its long history, sparkling wine is a rather young product. According to tradition, the first sparkling wine was produced in 1540 by monks in Limoux, France. As is well known, a great many great wines and special spirits originated in the former monastery cellars. The historical abbeys had their own estates where excellent vines were grown. In the monasteries they took time to experiment. It was here that the knowledgeable, well-read and creative specialists needed to cultivate particular flavors and grades were trained.
At Saint-Hilaire Abbey, incompletely fermented wines were bottled and corked. During further fermentation, carbonic acid developed and the first sparkling wine was born. It was not only the monks who acquired a taste for it. Over the centuries, the choice of grape varieties and production were refined. However, it was not until the end of the 18th century that German interests began to appear in Champagne. A decisive step was the development of the Rüttelpult, for the isolation and removal of the yeast by Antoine Muller. However, it was patented as a riddling table by Michelot in 1864, paving the way for large-scale sparkling wine production. Big names such as Mumm, Deinhard, Henkell and Söhnlein have left their mark on sparkling wine history in Germany right up to the present day.
How grapes become sparkling wine
Sparkling wine is the generic term for all bubbly beverages containing wine. These include, for example, sparkling wine, champagne and certain varieties of prosecco. What these wine products have in common are the ingredients wine, yeast and added sugar. In sparkling wine production, carbon dioxide is added afterwards at a pressure of 3.5 bars. The finished beverage has an alcohol content of 10%.
Certain basic wines are used for the production of sparkling wine. The grapes are harvested quite early. The harvest begins before the usual grape harvest, because base wine grapes must be ripe and healthy, but not noble ripe or rotten. The decisive factor is not the sugar content, but the acidity. The fine acidity later acts as a flavor enhancer for the finished product. For the second fermentation, decisive steps are taken to shape the taste. An important role for the fine differences in taste in sparkling wine is played by the cuvée. This is a blend of different base wines of particular taste characteristics. After the cuvée (blend of suitable wines), sugar and yeast are added during the filling dosage. Without these additions, sparkling wine production is not possible. Depending on the sugar content, the taste is determined. Later, the sparkling wine is named according to flavors.
The flavors sparkling wine according to the sugar content:
- Naturherb -0 to 3 g per liter
- Extra brut/extra tart -0 to 6 g per liter
- Brut - 0 to 12 g per liter
- Extra dry/extra dry - 12 to 17 g per liter
- Dry/dry - 17 to 32 g per liter
- Medium dry/semi-dry - 32 to 50 g per liter
- Sweet/mild more than 50 g per liter
- Depending on whether a young, fresh or more mature taste is to be produced, a shorter or longer ripening period is specified
Different production methods
Three processes are commonly used today for sparkling wine production. The oldest process, which was already used by the "sparkling wine fathers" in 1540, is bottle fermentation. Although it is a laborious process, it is considered to have the best results. From the beginning, the drink is in the bottle, which is also put on sale. Sealed with crown corks, the bottles are stored in the cellar. The storage period is crucial for a fine sparkling wine. With minimum storage is about 9 months. During this time, the yeast settles in the neck of the bottle and must then be removed. To do this, the bottles are placed in a cold bath with the neck down, after which the yeast, frozen at -20 degrees, falls out of the bottle. The sugar mixture, the dosage, is then added and the level is balanced with raw sparkling wine.
A faster process for larger quantities is tank fermentation. The advantage is that the exact same taste can be achieved for many bottles. After fermentation, the tank contents are filtered and dosage is added. The vast majority of today's sparkling wines are produced in this way.
The third method used, the transvasation method, is a combination of the two production methods. Here, the first step is bottle fermentation and later the tank process is used. As with the tank process, this production method also ensures that identical sparkling wines are obtained.
Another special feature is the different types of sparkling wine bottles. These differ significantly from commonly used bottle sizes. The smallest sparkling wine bottle is the Piccolo with 0.2 l. The most sought-after bottle is the Imperial at 0.75 l, followed by the Magnum at 1.5 l. As giants of the sparkling wine bottles show themselves the bottle sizes double magnum with 3 l and Mehusalem with a filling of 6l.
What the label says about a sparkling wine
The label on the sparkling wine bottle is very important for the trade. Those who want to buy sparkling wine in the store are very essentially guided by the information on the bottle label. When buying online, it is well known that at most the large print on the labels can be deciphered. In our sparkling wine store, there is a detailed description of each sparkling wine. This contains all the important information for the purchase decision.
The inscription on a label for a sparkling wine must contain the following:
- Name of the producer
- Place of the producer
- The commercial name for the sparkling wine
- Alcohol content
- Filling quantity
- The flavor designation
- The official test number
- The official testing includes a thorough analysis for each quality sparkling wine. A minimum total of 20 points must be achieved according to established criteria. For the addition of "b.A." (specified regions), for example, 15 points must be achieved.
Sparkling wine - the small fresh pleasure
Less effort than in the production for sparkling wine must be made for a sparkling wine. The most popular sparkling wine in Germany at present is probably Prosecco, a traditional product from Italy. Sparkling wines are produced in tightly closed containers at an overpressure of no more than 2.5 bar at 20 degrees Celsius. Carbon dioxide is sometimes added completely or only partially. These wines have a minimum alcohol content of 7% vol. Quality sparkling wines must meet conditions for quality wine psr (certain growing regions) and are given an official test number. A sparkling wine is generally not offered on a special, festive occasion, but can even be drunk as a table wine. It is slightly sparkling, which gives the wine a particularly fresh note. Especially in summer, the white or rosé sparkling wines are very popular. Depending on the grape varieties, there are also differences in the quality of sparkling wine.
Prosecco - sparkling wine from the grape Glera
Prosecco is a special sparkling wine and has a longer history than sparkling wine. With the name Vinum Pucinum, it was already popular in ancient Rome. Today, the name Prosecco is protected by a decree from the Italian Minister of Agriculture. According to this, it is a sparkling wine made from the Glera grape variety from Veneto. Since the end of 2009, not every pearly white and sparkling wine may call itself Prosecco, but only the strictly delineated products. In the meantime, there is a corresponding EU regulation.
A special feature is that Prosecco is available as sparkling wine, semi-sparkling wine as well as still wine. A Prosecco Spumante, for example, which developed carbonic acid during fermentation, may be offered as sparkling wine. The restriction of the grape variety and its origin is not an obstacle to German winemakers, among others, producing Prosecco from base wines. Tank fermentation is common. The demand is high. In our sparkling wine store we present a versatile Prosecco offer.
Enjoying sparkling wine - served in style
From a good grape to the finished sparkling wine or champagne, the noble drink has undergone a lot of effort and work. Therefore, some attention should be paid to the serving of sparkling wine.
This is what matters:
- The right storage of sparkling wine
- Correct temperature
- Type of champagne glasses
- Opening the bottle without banging
Storing opened bottle
Proper sparkling wine storage: Well-stored, old wine of a famous vintage, can be a connoisseur's delight. This does not apply to sparkling wine. In fact, the opposite is true here. Exceptions apply only to some champagnes of special vintages, which can win by a long storage. In general, it must be taken to heart: Sparkling wine stored for too long should not be offered. It would cause disappointment rather than enthusiasm among guests. Sparkling wines are very sensitive to light and react to light with a strong loss of quality. It is best to store sparkling wine bottles in a dark room with a constant temperature of about 10 degrees. Unlike wine bottles, sparkling wine bottles are stored upright.
However, no one need be afraid of damage to health with old sparkling wine. The alcohol protects against spoilage. Therefore, there is also no best-before date on the bottles. Who is not sure whether the old sparkling wine in the cellar can still be served, makes simply with a bottle a test. If the smell, color and taste are right, the sparkling wine is still okay.
Correct temperature: For pouring, the correct temperature for a white sparkling wine is 5 to 7 degrees. Rosé sparkling wine may have one degree more, so about 6 to 8 degrees. A champagne needs a temperature of 8 to 10 degrees for serving. It is better to put the bottles in the refrigerator the night before a party. A sudden cooling down in the ice refrigerator is not very beneficial to the taste.
Type of champagne glasses: there are various champagne glasses on the market. These include the traditional champagne flutes, tall champagne goblets and champagne bowls. The champagne bowl just takes up unnecessary space in the cabinet compartment or display case. This shape is not very suitable for the full enjoyment of sparkling wine. The shallow bowl with the wide opening makes the sparkling bubbles disappear much too quickly and does not hold the aroma. In contrast, the flutes and slender goblets are the perfect glasses for relaxed champagne enjoyment. However, if you like to linger over a glass for an hour, it's better to ask for a different drink. If the sparkling wine stands too long in the glass, the taste will change.
Opening the bottle without popping: All too often, people talk enthusiastically about popping the champagne corks. Yet neither the loud bang nor sparkling wine foaming from the bottle is a sign of skillful opening of a champagne bottle. If you want to do it right, hold the bottle at an angle away from your body and away from other people. The cork is held with the thumb to open the wire. Then, with the cork held in place, professionals twist the bottle rather than the cork. The bottle opens with a soft pff. Holding the glass at an angle while pouring is also a good idea. The glass should never be filled too high, but only up to three-quarters full.
Store opened bottle: If any remains in the bottle, it can be stored in the refrigerator for one to two days at most. The bottle can simply be closed tightly with a standard wine cork or a special champagne bottle cap. However, the old tip with the silver spoon in the open bottle is completely ineffective.
In our large sparkling wine store, there is not only a large selection of delicious sparkling wine to buy, but also elegant accessories such as ice buckets, ice tongs made of glass or stainless steel and high-quality, beautifully shaped champagne glasses.
Champagne - a fine bubbly pleasure of the best grapes
A fine champagne is considered the pinnacle of sparkling wine enjoyment. Even those who are not great wine and sparkling wine connoisseurs can distinguish a genuine, good champagne from ordinary sparkling wines. The French wine drink is particularly fine bubbly and presents itself with special, wonderful flavors. In the French Champagne region, the art of sparkling wine production has been cultivated to the finest. Outstanding grapes and cuvées are used, from which artfully created drinks of world renown.
A special champagne is the brilliant drink for special occasions. We carry in the store champagne of the most diverse price ranges. The price range is enormously wide. There is the exceptional variety for more than 2000 euros as well as the offer for less than 20 euros. Those who want to pour champagne not simply sparkling wine, but for a special occasion, will find offers at medium and low prices. Detailed product descriptions provide all relevant information, including tasters' résumés. As a gift, we offer sets of champagne plus glasses.
Mix great cocktails with sparkling wine
After the party there are opened bottles of champagne? The leftovers are too much to throw away and too little to offer the next day? Then the champagne can be made into fantastic cocktails the following day. But not only sparkling wine leftovers are ideal for mixed drinks, but in general a good sparkling wine is excellent for seductive cocktail ideas. For example, sparkling wine, gin, lemon juice, Dry Curacao can be used to conjure up a cocktail called French 75. A very popular sparkling wine cocktail is the Bellini for which peach pulp is mixed into the sparkling wine.
If you like it quicker and easier, you can simply mix the sparkling wine with a freshly squeezed orange juice, pear nectar, peach juice or berry juice. Sparkling wine and juice are the ideal option for people who want to enjoy alcohol only very moderately. A good sparkling wine can also be visually and tastefully spiced up with berry fruit, melon pieces, lime or orange slices. There are hardly any limits to creative ideas.
Buy delicious sparkling wines online
There are many occasions for a glass of sparkling wine. It starts with the champagne breakfast in a nice round of friends or relatives. Couples treat themselves to a glass of sparkling wine for a relaxing evening on the terrace or balcony. For a larger celebration it is already obligatory to offer sparkling wine for sale in addition to various drinks. With a good sparkling wine is toasted to the anniversary, engagement, anniversaries, seasonal holidays. Since sparkling wine bottles cannot be kept in stock for as long as wine, for example, it is important to buy the sparkling wine promptly. This is where the time-saving, convenient online purchase in our sparkling wine store with its huge selection comes in handy.
In the trade, the sparkling wine always comes at the time of ideal maturity. It is then suitable for consumption in a manageable time window. Therefore, only a limited number of bottles of a product can always be kept in the sparkling wine warehouse for deliveries. The current quantity in stock for a particular type of sparkling wine is indicated in our store in each case in the offer next to the picture. The bottles can be stored in the refrigerator until the next day or the day after delivery. For any occasion or gift, we have the right sparkling wine to buy.